Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2010

 

OR

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                    to                   

 

Commission File Number:  1-768

 

CATERPILLAR INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)

 

37-0602744

(IRS Employer I.D. No.)

 

 

 

100 NE Adams Street, Peoria, Illinois

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

61629

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:

(309) 675-1000

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yeso   No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):

 

 

Large accelerated filer

 

x

 

Accelerated filer

 

o

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

o

 

Smaller reporting company

 

o

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o  No  x

 

At June 30, 2010, 630,472,409 shares of common stock of the registrant were outstanding.

 

 

 

1



Table of Contents

 

Table of Contents

 

Part I. Financial Information

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

 

3

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis

 

43

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

81

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

81

 

 

 

 

 

Part II. Other Information

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

81

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

*

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

82

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

*

Item 4.

 

Removed and Reserved

 

*

Item 5.

 

Other Information

 

*

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

83

 

* Item omitted because no answer is called for or item is not applicable.

 

2



Table of Contents

 

Part I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.  Financial Statements

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions except per share data)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

2010

 

2009

Sales and revenues:

 

 

 

 

Sales of Machinery and Engines

 

$9,723

 

$7,254

Revenues of Financial Products

 

686

 

721

Total sales and revenues

 

10,409

 

7,975

 

 

 

 

 

Operating costs:

 

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold

 

7,372

 

5,752

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

1,059

 

914

Research and development expenses

 

450

 

351

Interest expense of Financial Products

 

234

 

272

Other operating (income) expenses

 

317

 

339

Total operating costs

 

9,432

 

7,628

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit (loss)

 

977

 

347

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense excluding Financial Products

 

81

 

109

Other income (expense)

 

50

 

163

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated profit (loss) before taxes

 

946

 

401

 

 

 

 

 

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

 

209

 

40

Profit (loss) of consolidated companies

 

737

 

361

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies

 

(4)

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) of consolidated and affiliated companies

 

733

 

360

 

 

 

 

 

Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

26

 

(11)

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) 1

 

$707

 

$371

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) per common share

 

$1.12

 

$0.61

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) per common share — diluted 2

 

$1.09

 

$0.60

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding (millions)

 

 

 

 

- Basic

 

629.8

 

611.8

- Diluted 2

 

647.0

 

619.8

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividends declared per common share

 

$0.86

 

$0.84

 

1      Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders.

2      Diluted by assumed exercise of stock-based compensation awards using the treasury stock method.

 

See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions except per share data)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

2010

 

2009

Sales and revenues:

 

 

 

 

Sales of Machinery and Engines

 

$17,274

 

$15,764

Revenues of Financial Products

 

1,373

 

1,436

Total sales and revenues

 

18,647

 

17,200

 

 

 

 

 

Operating costs:

 

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold

 

13,266

 

12,779

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

1,991

 

1,796

Research and development expenses

 

852

 

739

Interest expense of Financial Products

 

467

 

551

Other operating (income) expenses

 

586

 

1,163

Total operating costs

 

17,162

 

17,028

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit (loss)

 

1,485

 

172

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense excluding Financial Products

 

183

 

210

Other income (expense)

 

113

 

227

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated profit (loss) before taxes

 

1,415

 

189

 

 

 

 

 

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

 

440

 

(40)

Profit (loss) of consolidated companies

 

975

 

229

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies

 

(6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) of consolidated and affiliated companies

 

969

 

229

 

 

 

 

 

Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

29

 

(30)

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) 1

 

$940

 

$259

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) per common share

 

$1.50

 

$0.43

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) per common share — diluted 2

 

$1.46

 

$0.42

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding (millions)

 

 

 

 

- Basic

 

628.1

 

607.6

- Diluted 2

 

645.2

 

614.0

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividends declared per common share

 

$0.86

 

$0.84

 

1      Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders.

2      Diluted by assumed exercise of stock-based compensation awards using the treasury stock method.

 

See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

4



Table of Contents

 

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions)

 

 

 

June 30,
2010

 

December 31,
2009

Assets

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

Cash and short-term investments

 

$3,597

 

$4,867

Receivables – trade and other

 

6,348

 

5,611

Receivables – finance

 

8,086

 

8,301

Deferred and refundable income taxes

 

1,041

 

1,216

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

965

 

862

Inventories

 

7,339

 

6,360

Total current assets

 

27,376

 

27,217

Property, plant and equipment – net

 

11,763

 

12,386

Long-term receivables – trade and other

 

1,150

 

971

Long-term receivables – finance

 

11,585

 

12,279

Investments in unconsolidated affiliated companies

 

154

 

105

Noncurrent deferred and refundable income taxes

 

2,464

 

2,714

Intangible assets

 

485

 

465

Goodwill

 

2,292

 

2,269

Other assets

 

1,524

 

1,632

Total assets

 

$58,793

 

$60,038

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

Short-term borrowings:

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

$217

 

$433

Financial Products

 

3,430

 

3,650

Accounts payable

 

3,975

 

2,993

Accrued expenses

 

3,083

 

3,351

Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits

 

1,182

 

797

Customer advances

 

1,404

 

1,217

Dividends payable

 

277

 

262

Other current liabilities

 

936

 

888

Long-term debt due within one year:

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

434

 

302

Financial Products

 

4,846

 

5,399

Total current liabilities

 

19,784

 

19,292

Long-term debt due after one year:

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

4,828

 

5,652

Financial Products

 

15,398

 

16,195

Liability for postemployment benefits

 

6,977

 

7,420

Other liabilities

 

2,102

 

2,179

Total liabilities

 

49,089

 

50,738

Commitments and contingencies (Notes 10 and 12)

 

 

 

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interest

 

432

 

477

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

Common stock of $1.00 par value:

 

 

 

 

Authorized shares: 900,000,000
Issued shares: (6/30/10 and 12/31/09 – 814,894,624) at paid-in amount

 

3,636

 

3,439

Treasury stock (6/30/10 – 184,422,215 shares; 12/31/09 – 190,171,905 shares) at cost

 

(10,539)

 

(10,646)

Profit employed in the business

 

20,133

 

19,711

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(4,045)

 

(3,764)

Noncontrolling interests

 

87

 

83

Total stockholders’ equity

 

9,272

 

8,823

Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interest and stockholders’ equity

 

$58,793

 

$60,038

 

See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions)

 

 

Common
stock

 

Treasury
stock

 

Profit
employed
in the
business

 

Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)

 

Noncontrolling
interests

 

Total

 

Comprehensive
income (loss)

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2008

 

$3,057

 

$(11,217)

 

$19,826

 

$(5,579)

 

$103

 

$6,190

 

 

 

Profit (loss) of consolidated and affiliated companies

 

 

 

259

 

 

(30)

 

229

 

$229

 

Foreign currency translation, net of tax of $16

 

 

 

 

166

 

1

 

167

 

167

 

Pension and other postretirement benefits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current year actuarial gain (loss), net of tax of $801

 

 

 

 

55

 

 

55

 

55

 

Amortization of actuarial (gain) loss, net of tax of $54

 

 

 

 

95

 

2

 

97

 

97

 

Current year prior service cost, net of tax of $1971

 

 

 

 

236

 

 

236

 

236

 

Amortization of prior service cost, net of tax of $1

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

2

 

2

 

Amortization of transition (asset) obligation, net of tax of $0

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

1

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains (losses) deferred, net of tax of $57

 

 

 

 

92

 

 

92

 

92

 

(Gains) losses reclassified to earnings, net of tax of $12

 

 

 

 

(15)

 

 

(15)

 

(15)

 

Retained interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains (losses) deferred, net of tax of $122

 

 

 

 

(22)

 

 

(22)

 

(22)

 

(Gains) losses reclassified to earnings, net of tax of $10

 

 

 

 

18

 

 

18

 

18

 

Available-for-sale securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains (losses) deferred, net of tax of $14

 

 

 

 

26

 

 

26

 

26

 

(Gains) losses reclassified to earnings, net of tax of $10

 

 

 

 

19

 

 

19

 

19

 

Change in ownership for noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 

 

(6)

 

(6)

 

 

Dividends declared

 

 

 

(513)

 

 

 

(513)

 

 

Common shares issued from treasury stock for stock-based compensation:  1,286,806

 

(6)

 

37

 

 

 

 

31

 

 

Common shares issued from treasury stock for benefit plans:  18,480,0953

 

224

 

435

 

 

 

 

659

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

74

 

 

 

 

 

74

 

 

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

(2)

 

 

Cat Japan share redemption4

 

 

 

7

 

 

30

 

37

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2009

 

$3,347

 

$(10,745)

 

$19,579

 

$(4,906)

 

$100

 

$7,375

 

$905

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2009

 

$3,439

 

$(10,646)

 

$19,711

 

$(3,764)

 

$83

 

$8,823

 

 

 

Adjustment to adopt consolidation of variable interest entities5

 

 

 

(6)

 

3

 

 

(3)

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2010

 

$3,439

 

$(10,646)

 

$19,705

 

$(3,761)

 

$83

 

$8,820

 

 

 

Profit (loss) of consolidated and affiliated companies

 

 

 

940

 

 

29

 

969

 

$969

 

Foreign currency translation, net of tax of $153

 

 

 

 

(428)

 

(7)

 

(435)

 

(435)

 

Pension and other postretirement benefits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of actuarial (gain) loss, net of tax of $91

 

 

 

 

152

 

6

 

158

 

158

 

Amortization of prior service cost, net of tax of $6

 

 

 

 

(7)

 

 

(7)

 

(7)

 

Amortization of transition (asset) obligation, net of tax of $0

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

1

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains (losses) deferred, net of tax of $29

 

 

 

 

(50)

 

 

(50)

 

(50)

 

(Gains) losses reclassified to earnings, net of tax of $19

 

 

 

 

33

 

 

33

 

33

 

Available-for-sale securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gains (losses) deferred, net of tax of $11

 

 

 

 

15

 

 

15

 

15

 

Change in ownership from noncontrolling interests

 

(17)

 

 

 

 

(12)

 

(29)

 

 

Dividends declared

 

 

 

(542)

 

 

 

(542)

 

 

Common shares issued from treasury stock for stock-based compensation:  4,716,874

 

(2)

 

86

 

 

 

 

84

 

 

Common shares issued from treasury stock for benefit plans:  1,032,8163

 

41

 

21

 

 

 

 

62

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

138

 

 

 

 

 

138

 

 

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 

37

 

 

 

 

 

37

 

 

Cat Japan share redemption4

 

 

 

30

 

 

(12)

 

18

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2010

 

$3,636

 

$(10,539)

 

$20,133

 

$(4,045)

 

$87

 

$9,272

 

$684

 

 

1    Changes in amounts due to plan re-measurements. See Note 9 for additional information.

2    Includes noncredit component of other-than-temporary impairment losses on securitized retained interest of ($10) million, net of tax of $5 million, for the six months ended June 30, 2009. See Note 15 for additional information.

3    See Note 9 regarding shares issued for benefit plans.

4    See Note 16 regarding the Cat Japan share redemption.

5    See Note 15 for additional information.

See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

6



Table of Contents

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

Cash flow from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) of consolidated and affiliated companies

 

$969

 

$229

 

Adjustments for non-cash items:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

1,116

 

1,072

 

Other

 

176

 

59

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables – trade and other

 

(1,096)

 

3,133

 

Inventories

 

(1,020)

 

1,631

 

Accounts payable

 

1,151

 

(2,181)

 

Accrued expenses

 

(91)

 

(536)

 

Customer advances

 

171

 

(338)

 

Other assets – net

 

288

 

168

 

Other liabilities – net

 

79

 

(434)

 

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities

 

1,743

 

2,803

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures – excluding equipment leased to others

 

(484)

 

(443)

 

Expenditures for equipment leased to others

 

(372)

 

(441)

 

Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment

 

755

 

454

 

Additions to finance receivables

 

(4,017)

 

(3,800)

 

Collections of finance receivables

 

4,161

 

5,119

 

Proceeds from sale of finance receivables

 

5

 

93

 

Investments and acquisitions (net of cash acquired)

 

(170)

 

 

Proceeds from sale of available-for-sale securities

 

90

 

170

 

Investments in available-for-sale securities

 

(81)

 

(251)

 

Other – net

 

6

 

(53)

 

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities

 

(107)

 

848

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends paid

 

(527)

 

(505)

 

Common stock issued, including treasury shares reissued

 

84

 

31

 

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

 

39

 

2

 

Acquisitions of noncontrolling interests

 

(26)

 

(6)

 

Proceeds from debt issued (original maturities greater than three months):

 

 

 

 

 

– Machinery and Engines

 

126

 

872

 

– Financial Products

 

4,125

 

8,157

 

Payments on debt (original maturities greater than three months):

 

 

 

 

 

– Machinery and Engines

 

(889)

 

(915)

 

– Financial Products

 

(5,582)

 

(6,655)

 

Short-term borrowings – net (original maturities three months or less)

 

(136)

 

(3,365)

 

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities

 

(2,786)

 

(2,384)

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

(120)

 

(12)

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and short-term investments

 

(1,270)

 

1,255

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and short-term investments at beginning of period

 

4,867

 

2,736

 

Cash and short-term investments at end of period

 

$3,597

 

$3,991

 

 

All short-term investments, which consist primarily of highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less, are considered to be cash equivalents.

 

Non-cash activities:

During 2010 and 2009, we contributed 1.0 and 18.4 million shares of company stock with a fair value of $62 and $659 million to our U.S. benefit plans, respectively.

 

See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1.             A.  Basis of Presentation

 

In the opinion of management, the accompanying financial statements include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of (a) the consolidated results of operations for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, (b) the consolidated financial position at June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, (c) the consolidated changes in stockholders’ equity for the six month periods ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, and (d) the consolidated statement of cash flow for the six month periods ended June 30, 2010 and 2009.  The financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).  Certain amounts for prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current period financial statement presentation.

 

Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. The information included in this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in our Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009 (2009 Form 10-K).

 

The December 31, 2009 financial position data included herein is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements included in the 2009 Form 10-K but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP.

 

B.  Nature of Operations

 

We operate in three principal lines of business:

 

(1)           Machinery - A principal line of business which includes the design, manufacture, marketing and sales of construction, mining and forestry machinery—track and wheel tractors, track and wheel loaders, pipelayers, motor graders, wheel tractor-scrapers, track and wheel excavators, backhoe loaders, log skidders, log loaders, off-highway trucks, articulated trucks, paving products, skid steer loaders, underground mining equipment, tunnel boring equipment and related parts. Also includes logistics services for other companies and the design, manufacture, remanufacture, maintenance and services of rail-related products.

 

(2)           Engines - A principal line of business including the design, manufacture, marketing and sales of engines for Caterpillar machinery, electric power generation systems, locomotives, marine, petroleum, construction, industrial, agricultural and other applications, and related parts.  Also includes remanufacturing of Caterpillar engines and a variety of Caterpillar machine and engine components and remanufacturing services for other companies.  Reciprocating engines meet power needs ranging from 10 to 21,800 horsepower (8 to over 16 000 kilowatts).  Turbines range from 1,600 to 30,000 horsepower (1 200 to 22 000 kilowatts).

 

(3)           Financial Products - A principal line of business consisting primarily of Caterpillar Financial Services Corporation (Cat Financial), Caterpillar Insurance Holdings, Inc. (Cat Insurance) and their respective subsidiaries.  Cat Financial provides a wide range of financing alternatives to customers and dealers for Caterpillar machinery and engines, Solar gas turbines as well as other equipment and marine vessels.  Cat Financial also extends loans to customers and dealers.  Cat Insurance provides various forms of insurance to customers and dealers to help support the purchase and lease of our equipment.

 

Our Machinery and Engines operations are highly integrated.  Throughout the Notes, Machinery and Engines represents the aggregate total of these principal lines of business.

 

C.  Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Comprehensive income (loss) and its components are presented in Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity.   Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, consisted of the following:

 

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(Millions of dollars)

 

June 30, 2010

 

June 30, 2009

 

Foreign currency translation

 

$175

 

$427

 

Pension and other postretirement benefits

 

(4,293)

 

(5,460)

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

43

 

172

 

Retained interests

 

 

(11)

 

Available-for-sale securities

 

30

 

(34)

 

Total accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

$(4,045)

 

$(4,906)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.             New Accounting Guidance

 

Fair value measurements - In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued accounting guidance on fair value measurements, which provides a common definition of fair value and a framework for measuring assets and liabilities at fair values when a particular standard prescribes it. In addition, this guidance expands disclosures about fair value measurements. In February 2008, the FASB issued additional guidance that (1) deferred the effective date of the original guidance for one year for certain nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities and (2) removed certain leasing transactions from the scope of the original guidance.  We applied this guidance to financial assets and liabilities effective January 1, 2008 and nonfinancial assets and liabilities effective January 1, 2009. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.  See Note 17 for additional information.

 

In January 2010, the FASB issued new accounting guidance that requires the gross presentation of activity within the Level 3 fair value measurement roll forward and details of transfers in and out of Level 1 and 2 fair value measurements.  It also clarifies existing disclosure requirements regarding the level of disaggregation of fair value measurements and disclosures on inputs.  We adopted this new accounting guidance for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2010.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.  See Note 17 for additional information.

 

Business combinations and noncontrolling interests in consolidated financial statements - In December 2007, the FASB issued accounting guidance on business combinations and noncontrolling interests in consolidated financial statements.  The guidance on business combinations requires the acquiring entity in a business combination to recognize the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Further, it changes the accounting for acquired in-process research and development assets, contingent consideration, partial acquisitions and transaction costs.  Under the guidance on noncontrolling interests, all entities are required to report noncontrolling (minority) interests in subsidiaries as equity in the consolidated financial statements. In addition, transactions between an entity and noncontrolling interests are treated as equity transactions.  We adopted this new guidance on January 1, 2009.  As required, the guidance on noncontrolling interests was adopted through retrospective application.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.  See Note 19 for further details.

 

Disclosures about derivative instruments and hedging activities - In March 2008, the FASB issued accounting guidance on disclosures about derivative instruments and hedging activities.  This guidance expands disclosures for derivative instruments by requiring entities to disclose the fair value of derivative instruments and their gains or losses in tabular format.  It also requires disclosure of information about credit risk-related contingent features in derivative agreements, counterparty credit risk, and strategies and objectives for using derivative instruments.  We adopted this new guidance on January 1, 2009.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.  See Note 4 for additional information.

 

Employers’ disclosures about postretirement benefit plan assets - In December 2008, the FASB issued accounting guidance on employers’ disclosures about postretirement benefit plan assets. This guidance expands the disclosure set forth in previous guidance by adding required disclosures about (1) how investment allocation decisions are made by management, (2) major categories of plan assets, and (3) significant concentration of risk. Additionally, this guidance requires an employer to disclose information about the valuation of plan assets similar to that required under the accounting guidance on fair value measurements.  We adopted this guidance for our financial statements for the annual period ended December 31, 2009.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

Recognition and presentation of other-than-temporary impairments - In April 2009, the FASB issued accounting guidance on the recognition and presentation of other-than-temporary impairments.  This new guidance amends the existing impairment guidance relating to certain debt securities and requires a company to assess the likelihood of selling the security prior to recovering its cost basis.  When a security meets the criteria for impairment, the impairment charges related to credit losses would be recognized in earnings, while noncredit losses would be reflected in other comprehensive income. Additionally, it requires a more detailed, risk-oriented breakdown of major security types and related information.

 

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We adopted this guidance on April 1, 2009.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.  See Note 8 for additional information.

 

Subsequent events - In May 2009, the FASB issued accounting guidance on subsequent events that establishes standards of accounting for and disclosure of subsequent events.  In addition, it requires disclosure of the date through which an entity has evaluated subsequent events and the basis for that date.  This new guidance was adopted for our financial statements for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2009.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

In February 2010, the FASB issued new accounting guidance that amends the May 2009 subsequent events guidance described above to (1) eliminate the requirement for an SEC filer to disclose the date through which it has evaluated subsequent events, (2) clarify the period through which conduit bond obligors must evaluate subsequent events, and (3) refine the scope of the disclosure requirements for reissued financial statements.  We adopted this new accounting guidance for our financial statements for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2010.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

Accounting for transfers of financial assets - In June 2009, the FASB issued accounting guidance on accounting for transfers of financial assets.  This guidance amends previous guidance and includes: the elimination of the qualifying special-purpose entity (QSPE) concept; a new participating interest definition that must be met for transfers of portions of financial assets to be eligible for sale accounting; clarifications and changes to the derecognition criteria for a transfer to be accounted for as a sale; and a change to the amount of recognized gain or loss on a transfer of financial assets accounted for as a sale when beneficial interests are received by the transferor.  Additionally, the guidance requires extensive new disclosures regarding an entity’s involvement in a transfer of financial assets.  Finally, existing QSPEs (prior to the effective date of this guidance) must be evaluated for consolidation by reporting entities in accordance with the applicable consolidation guidance upon the elimination of this concept.  We adopted this new guidance on January 1, 2010.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.  See Note 15 for additional information.

 

Consolidation of variable interest entities - In June 2009, the FASB issued accounting guidance on the consolidation of variable interest entities (VIEs). This new guidance revises previous guidance by eliminating the exemption for QSPEs, by establishing a new approach for determining who should consolidate a VIE and by changing when it is necessary to reassess who should consolidate a VIE.  We adopted this new guidance on January 1, 2010.  The adoption of this guidance resulted in the consolidation of QSPEs related to Cat Financial’s asset-backed securitization program that were previously not recorded on our consolidated financial statements.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.  See Note 15 for additional information.

 

3.             Stock-Based Compensation

 

Accounting for stock-based compensation requires that the cost resulting from all stock-based payments be recognized in the financial statements based on the grant date fair value of the award.  Stock-based compensation primarily consists of stock-settled stock appreciation rights (SARs), restricted stock units (RSUs) and stock options.  We recognized pretax stock-based compensation cost in the amount of $97 million and $138 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively; and $41 million and $74 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009, respectively.  Included in the second quarter of 2010 pretax stock-based compensation cost was $17 million relating to the modification of awards resulting from separations due to the streamlining of our corporate structure as announced in the second quarter.

 

The following table illustrates the type and fair value of the stock-based compensation awards granted during the six month periods ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively:

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

 

 

# Granted

 

Fair Value
Per Award

 

# Granted

 

Fair Value
Per Award

 

SARs

 

7,125,210

 

$22.31

 

6,260,647

 

$7.10

 

RSUs

 

1,711,771

 

53.35

 

2,185,674

 

20.22

 

Stock options

 

431,271

 

22.31

 

562,580

 

7.10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The stock price on the date of grant was $57.85 and $22.17 for 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

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The following table provides the assumptions used in determining the fair value of the stock-based awards for the six month periods ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively:

 

 

 

Grant Year

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

Weighted-average dividend yield

 

2.32%

 

3.07%

 

Weighted-average volatility

 

36.4%

 

36.0%

 

Range of volatilities

 

35.2-51.8%

 

35.8-61.0%

 

Range of risk-free interest rates

 

0.32-3.61%

 

0.17-2.99%

 

Weighted-average expected lives

 

7 years

 

8 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of June 30, 2010, the total remaining unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested stock-based compensation awards was $224 million, which will be amortized over the weighted-average remaining requisite service periods of approximately 2.3 years.

 

4.             Derivative Financial Instruments and Risk Management

 

Our earnings and cash flow are subject to fluctuations due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices.  In addition, the amount of Caterpillar stock that can be repurchased under our stock repurchase program is impacted by movements in the price of the stock.  Our Risk Management Policy (policy) allows for the use of derivative financial instruments to prudently manage foreign currency exchange rate, interest rate, commodity price and Caterpillar stock price exposures.  Our policy specifies that derivatives are not to be used for speculative purposes.  Derivatives that we use are primarily foreign currency forward and option contracts, interest rate swaps, commodity forward and option contracts, and stock repurchase contracts.  Our derivative activities are subject to the management, direction and control of our senior financial officers.  Risk management practices, including the use of financial derivative instruments, are presented to the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors at least annually.

 

All derivatives are recognized on the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position at their fair value. On the date the derivative contract is entered, we designate the derivative as (1) a hedge of the fair value of a recognized asset or liability (fair value hedge), (2) a hedge of a forecasted transaction or the variability of cash flow to be paid (cash flow hedge), or (3) an undesignated instrument. Changes in the fair value of a derivative that is qualified, designated and highly effective as a fair value hedge, along with the gain or loss on the hedged asset or liability that is attributable to the hedged risk, are recorded in current earnings. Changes in the fair value of a derivative that is qualified, designated and highly effective as a cash flow hedge are recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (AOCI) on the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position until they are reclassified to earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings.  Changes in the fair value of undesignated derivative instruments and the ineffective portion of designated derivative instruments are reported in current earnings. Cash flow from designated derivative financial instruments are classified within the same category as the item being hedged on the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow.  Cash flow from undesignated derivative financial instruments are included in the investing category on the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow.

 

We formally document all relationships between hedging instruments and hedged items, as well as the risk-management objective and strategy for undertaking various hedge transactions.  This process includes linking all derivatives that are designated as fair value hedges to specific assets and liabilities on the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position and linking cash flow hedges to specific forecasted transactions or variability of cash flow.

 

We also formally assess, both at the hedge’s inception and on an ongoing basis, whether the designated derivatives that are used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting changes in fair values or cash flow of hedged items.  When a derivative is determined not to be highly effective as a hedge or the underlying hedged transaction is no longer probable, we discontinue hedge accounting prospectively, in accordance with the derecognition criteria for hedge accounting.

 

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

 

Foreign currency exchange rate movements create a degree of risk by affecting the U.S. dollar value of sales made and costs incurred in foreign currencies. Movements in foreign currency rates also affect our competitive position as these changes may affect business practices and/or pricing strategies of non-U.S.-based competitors. Additionally, we have balance sheet positions denominated in foreign currencies, thereby creating exposure to movements in exchange rates.

 

Our Machinery and Engines operations purchase, manufacture and sell products in many locations around the world. As we have a diversified revenue and cost base, we manage our future foreign currency cash flow exposure on a net basis. We use

 

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foreign currency forward and option contracts to manage unmatched foreign currency cash inflow and outflow. Our objective is to minimize the risk of exchange rate movements that would reduce the U.S. dollar value of our foreign currency cash flow. Our policy allows for managing anticipated foreign currency cash flow for up to five years.

 

We generally designate as cash flow hedges at inception of the contract any Australian dollar, Brazilian real, British pound, Canadian dollar, Chinese yuan, euro, Japanese yen, Mexican peso, Singapore dollar or Swiss franc forward or option contracts that meet the requirements for hedge accounting and the maturity extends beyond the current quarter-end. Designation is performed on a specific exposure basis to support hedge accounting. The remainder of Machinery and Engines foreign currency contracts are undesignated, including any hedges designed to protect our competitive exposure.  Periodically we also designate as fair value hedges specific euro forward contracts used to hedge firm commitments.

 

As of June 30, 2010, $27 million of deferred net gains, net of tax, included in equity (Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position), are expected to be reclassified to current earnings (Other income (expense) in the Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations) over the next twelve months when earnings are affected by the hedged transactions.  The actual amount recorded in Other income (expense) will vary based on exchange rates at the time the hedged transactions impact earnings.

 

In managing foreign currency risk for our Financial Products operations, our objective is to minimize earnings volatility resulting from conversion and the remeasurement of net foreign currency balance sheet positions. Our policy allows the use of foreign currency forward and option contracts to offset the risk of currency mismatch between our receivables and debt. All such foreign currency forward and option contracts are undesignated.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

Interest rate movements create a degree of risk by affecting the amount of our interest payments and the value of our fixed-rate debt. Our practice is to use interest rate derivatives to manage our exposure to interest rate changes and, in some cases, lower the cost of borrowed funds.

 

Machinery and Engines operations generally use fixed-rate debt as a source of funding.  Our objective is to minimize the cost of borrowed funds.  Our policy allows us to enter into fixed-to-floating interest rate swaps and forward rate agreements to meet that objective with the intent to designate as fair value hedges at inception of the contract all fixed-to-floating interest rate swaps.  Designation as a hedge of the fair value of our fixed-rate debt is performed to support hedge accounting.

 

Financial Products operations have a match-funding policy that addresses interest rate risk by aligning the interest rate profile (fixed or floating rate) of Cat Financial’s debt portfolio with the interest rate profile of their receivables portfolio within predetermined ranges on an ongoing basis. In connection with that policy, we use interest rate derivative instruments to modify the debt structure to match assets within the receivables portfolio. This matched funding reduces the volatility of margins between interest-bearing assets and interest-bearing liabilities, regardless of which direction interest rates move.

 

Our policy allows us to use fixed-to-floating, floating-to-fixed, and floating-to-floating interest rate swaps to meet the match-funding objective.  We designate fixed-to-floating interest rate swaps as fair value hedges to protect debt against changes in fair value due to changes in the benchmark interest rate.  We designate most floating-to-fixed interest rate swaps as cash flow hedges to protect against the variability of cash flows due to changes in the benchmark interest rate.

 

As of June 30, 2010, $20 million of deferred net losses, net of tax, included in equity (Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position), related to Financial Products floating-to-fixed interest rate swaps, are expected to be reclassified to current earnings (Interest expense of Financial Products in the Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations) over the next twelve months.  The actual amount recorded in Interest expense of Financial Products will vary based on interest rates at the time the hedged transactions impact earnings.

 

We have, at certain times, liquidated fixed-to-floating and floating-to-fixed interest rate swaps at both Machinery and Engines and Financial Products.  The gains or losses associated with these swaps at the time of liquidation are amortized into earnings over the original term of the underlying hedged item.

 

Commodity Price Risk

 

Commodity price movements create a degree of risk by affecting the price we must pay for certain raw material. Our policy is to use commodity forward and option contracts to manage the commodity risk and reduce the cost of purchased materials.

 

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Our Machinery and Engines operations purchase aluminum, copper, lead, nickel and rolled coil steel embedded in the components we purchase from suppliers.  Our suppliers pass on to us price changes in the commodity portion of the component cost. In addition, we are also subject to price changes on natural gas and diesel fuel purchased for operational use.

 

Our objective is to minimize volatility in the price of these commodities. Our policy allows us to enter into commodity forward and option contracts to lock in the purchase price of a portion of these commodities within a five-year horizon. All such commodity forward and option contracts are undesignated.

 

The location and fair value of derivative instruments reported in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position are as follows:

 

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asset (Liability) Fair Value

 

 

 

Statement of Financial Position Location

 

June 30, 2010

 

December 31, 2009

 

Designated derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign exchange contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Receivables – trade and other

 

$50

 

$27

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Long-term receivables – trade and other

 

38

 

125

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Accrued expenses

 

(13)

 

(22)

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Other liabilities

 

 

(3)

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Receivables – trade and other

 

1

 

1

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Accrued expenses

 

(1)

 

(1)

 

Financial Products

 

Receivables – trade and other

 

24

 

18

 

Financial Products

 

Long-term receivables – trade and other

 

218

 

127

 

Financial Products

 

Accrued expenses

 

(35)

 

(100)

 

 

 

 

 

$282

 

$172

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Undesignated derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign exchange contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Receivables – trade and other

 

$7

 

$—

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Long-term receivables – trade and other

 

58

 

66

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Other liabilities

 

(1)

 

(3)

 

Financial Products

 

Receivables – trade and other

 

9

 

20

 

Financial Products

 

Accrued expenses

 

(5)

 

(18)

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(7)

 

Financial Products

 

Receivables – trade and other

 

 

1

 

Financial Products

 

Long-term receivables – trade and other

 

 

1

 

Financial Products

 

Accrued expenses

 

(2)

 

(6)

 

Commodity contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Receivables – trade and other

 

3

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

$69

 

$64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The effect of derivatives designated as hedging instruments on the Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations is as follows:

 

 

Fair Value Hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2010

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2010

 

 

 

Classification

 

Gains (Losses)
on Derivatives

 

Gains (Losses)
on Borrowings

 

Gains (Losses)
on Derivatives

 

Gains (Losses)
on Borrowings

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Other income (expense)

 

$(1)

 

$1

 

$—

 

$—

 

Financial Products

 

Other income (expense)

 

88

 

(83)

 

141

 

(134)

 

 

 

 

 

$87

 

$(82)

 

$141

 

$(134)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2009

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2009

 

 

 

Classification

 

Gains (Losses)
on Derivatives

 

Gains (Losses)
on Borrowings

 

Gains (Losses)
on Derivatives

 

Gains (Losses)
on Borrowings

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial Products

 

Other income (expense)

 

$(160)

 

$155

 

$(220)

 

$234

 

 

 

 

 

$(160)

 

$155

 

$(220)

 

$234

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Cash Flow Hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recognized in Earnings

 

 

 

Classification

 

Recognized
in AOCI
(Effective
Portion)

 

Classification of
Gains (Losses)

 

Reclassified
from AOCI
(Effective

Portion)

 

Recognized in
Earnings

(Ineffective
Portion)

 

Foreign exchange contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

AOCI

 

$26

 

Other income (expense)

 

$(11)

 

$(1)

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

AOCI

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

(1)

 

 

Financial Products

 

AOCI

 

 

Interest expense of Financial Products

 

(15)

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

$26

 

 

 

$(27)

 

$(1)

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recognized in Earnings

 

 

 

Classification

 

Recognized
in AOCI
(Effective
Portion)

 

Classification of
Gains (Losses)

 

Reclassified
from AOCI
(Effective
Portion)

 

Recognized in
Earnings

(Ineffective
Portion)

 

Foreign exchange contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

AOCI

 

$138

 

Other income (expense)

 

$63

 

$3

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

AOCI

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

(1)

 

 

Financial Products

 

AOCI

 

(5)

 

Interest expense of Financial Products

 

(22)

 

41

 

 

 

 

 

$133

 

 

 

$40

 

$7

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recognized in Earnings

 

 

 

Classification

 

Recognized
in AOCI
(Effective
Portion)

 

Classification of
Gains (Losses)

 

Reclassified
from AOCI
(Effective

Portion)

 

Recognized in
Earnings

(Ineffective
Portion)

 

Foreign exchange contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

AOCI

 

$(73)

 

Other income (expense)

 

$(19)

 

$—

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

AOCI

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

(1)

 

 

Financial Products

 

AOCI

 

(6)

 

Interest expense of Financial Products

 

(32)

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

$(79)

 

 

 

$(52)

 

$1

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recognized in Earnings

 

 

 

Classification

 

Recognized
in AOCI
(Effective
Portion)

 

Classification of
Gains (Losses)

 

Reclassified
from AOCI
(Effective

Portion)

 

Recognized in
Earnings

(Ineffective
Portion)

 

Foreign exchange contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

AOCI

 

$196

 

Other income (expense)

 

$71

 

$(3)

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

AOCI

 

(29)

 

Other income (expense)

 

(2)

 

 

Financial Products

 

AOCI

 

(18)

 

Interest expense of Financial Products

 

(42)

 

51

 

 

 

 

 

$149

 

 

 

$27

 

$2

 

 

1  The classification of the ineffective portion recognized in earnings is included in Other income (expense).

 

 

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The effect of derivatives not designated as hedging instruments on the Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations is as follows:

 

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Classification of Gains (Losses)

 

Three Months Ended
June 30, 2010

 

Six Months Ended
June 30, 2010

 

Foreign exchange contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Other income (expense)

 

$(4)

 

$7

 

Financial Products

 

Other income (expense)

 

(12)

 

11

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

(2)

 

Financial Products

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

1

 

Commodity contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Other income (expense)

 

(7)

 

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

$(23)

 

$14

 

 

 

 

Classification of Gains (Losses)

 

Three Months Ended
June 30, 2009

 

Six Months Ended
June 30, 2009

 

Foreign exchange contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Other income (expense)

 

$4

 

$25

 

Financial Products

 

Other income (expense)

 

(81)

 

(66)

 

Interest rate contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

(2)

 

Financial Products

 

Other income (expense)

 

4

 

1

 

Commodity contracts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machinery and Engines

 

Other income (expense)

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

$(72)

 

$(41)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Repurchase Risk

 

Payments for stock repurchase derivatives are accounted for as a reduction in stockholders’ equity.  In February 2007, the Board of Directors authorized a $7.5 billion stock repurchase program, expiring on December 31, 2011.  The amount of Caterpillar stock that can be repurchased under the authorization is impacted by movements in the price of the stock.  In August 2007, the Board of Directors authorized the use of derivative contracts to reduce stock repurchase price volatility.  There were no stock repurchase derivatives outstanding for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 or 2009.

 

5.             Inventories

 

Inventories (principally using the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method) are comprised of the following:

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

June 30,
2010

 

December 31,
2009

 

Raw materials

 

$2,232

 

$1,979

 

Work-in-process

 

976

 

656

 

Finished goods

 

3,899

 

3,465

 

Supplies

 

232

 

260

 

Total inventories

 

$7,339

 

$6,360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventory quantities were reduced during the six months ended June 30, 2009.  This reduction resulted in a liquidation of LIFO inventory layers carried at lower costs prevailing in prior years as compared with current costs.  The effect of this reduction of inventory that was not expected to be replaced by the end of 2009 decreased Cost of goods sold in the Consolidated Results of Operations by approximately $110 million and increased Profit by approximately $85 million or $0.14 per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009.  There were no LIFO inventory liquidations during the three and six months ended June 30, 2010.

 

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6.             Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliated Companies

 

Combined financial information of the unconsolidated affiliated companies accounted for by the equity method (generally on a lag of 3 months or less) was as follows:

 

Results of Operations of unconsolidated affiliated companies:
(Millions of dollars)

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2010

 

2009

 

2010

 

2009

 

Sales

 

$202

 

$144

 

$364

 

$267

 

Cost of sales

 

154

 

110

 

274

 

201

 

Gross profit

 

$48

 

$34

 

$90

 

$66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss)

 

$—

 

$(10)

 

$(2)

 

$(8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial Position of unconsolidated affiliated companies:
(
Millions of dollars)

 

June 30,
2010

 

December 31,
2009

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

$379

 

$223

 

Property, plant and equipment — net

 

197

 

219

 

Other assets

 

18

 

5

 

 

 

594

 

447

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

219

 

250

 

Long-term debt due after one year

 

86

 

41

 

Other liabilities

 

27

 

17

 

 

 

332

 

308

 

Equity

 

$262

 

$139

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caterpillar’s investments in unconsolidated affiliated companies:

 

 

 

 

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in equity method companies

 

$119

 

$70

 

Plus: Investments in cost method companies

 

35

 

35

 

Total investments in unconsolidated affiliated companies

 

$154

 

$105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.             Intangible Assets and Goodwill

 

A.  Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets are comprised of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

June 30, 2010

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

Weighted
Amortizable
Life (Years)

 

Gross
Carrying
Amount

 

Accumulated
Amortization

 

Net

 

Customer relationships

 

17

 

$423

 

$(88)

 

$335

 

Intellectual property

 

9

 

234

 

(151)

 

83

 

Other

 

11

 

128

 

(61)

 

67

 

Total intangible assets

 

14

 

$785

 

$(300)

 

$485

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2009

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

Weighted
Amortizable
Life (Years)

 

Gross
Carrying
Amount

 

Accumulated
Amortization

 

Net

 

Customer relationships

 

18

 

$396

 

$(75)

 

$321

 

Intellectual property

 

10

 

211

 

(143)

 

68

 

Other

 

11

 

130

 

(54)

 

76

 

Total intangible assets

 

15

 

$737

 

$(272)

 

$465

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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During the second quarter of 2010, we acquired finite-lived intangible assets of $10 million due to the purchase of FCM Rail Ltd. (FCM) and also acquired finite-lived intangible assets of $6 million from other acquisitions. During the first quarter of 2010, we acquired finite-lived intangible assets of $28 million due to the purchase of GE Transportation’s Inspection Products business and also acquired finite-lived intangible assets of $12 million due to the purchase of JCS Company, Ltd. (JCS). See Note 19 for details on these business combinations.

 

Amortization expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 was $17 million and $32 million, respectively.  Amortization expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009 was $13 million and $31 million, respectively.  Amortization expense related to intangible assets is expected to be:

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

2010

 

2011

 

2012

 

2013

 

2014

 

Thereafter

 

$66

 

$60

 

$55

 

$47

 

$45

 

$244

 

 

 

 

B.  Goodwill

 

During the second quarter of 2010, we acquired net assets with related goodwill of $16 million as part of the purchase of FCM. During the first quarter of 2010, we acquired net assets with related goodwill of $14 million as part of the purchase of GE Transportation’s Inspection Products business and also acquired net assets with related goodwill of $8 million as part of the purchase of JCS.  See Note 19 for details on the acquisition of these assets.

 

We test goodwill for impairment annually and whenever events or circumstances make it more likely than not that an impairment may have occurred.  We perform our annual goodwill impairment test as of October 1 and monitor for interim triggering events on an ongoing basis.  Goodwill is reviewed for impairment utilizing a two-step process.  The first step requires us to compare the fair value of each reporting unit, which we primarily determine using an income approach based on the present value of discounted cash flows, to the respective carrying value, which includes goodwill.  If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, the goodwill is not considered impaired.  If the carrying value is greater than the fair value, there is an indication that an impairment may exist and the second step is required.  In step two, the implied fair value of goodwill is calculated as the excess of the fair value of a reporting unit over the fair values assigned to its assets and liabilities.  If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than the carrying value of the reporting unit’s goodwill, the difference is recognized as an impairment loss.

 

No goodwill was impaired or disposed of during the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 or 2009.

 

The changes in the carrying amount of the goodwill by reportable segment for the six months ended June 30, 2010 were as follows:

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at
December 31, 2009

 

Business
combinations

 

Other
adjustments1

 

Balance at
June 30
, 2010

 

Building Construction Products

 

$4

 

$—

 

$—

 

$4

 

Cat Japan

 

256

 

 

(12)

 

244

 

Core Components

 

 

8

 

 

8

 

Earthmoving

 

43

 

 

 

43

 

Electric Power

 

203

 

 

 

203

 

Excavation

 

39

 

 

 

39

 

Large Power Systems

 

569

 

 

 

569

 

Marine & Petroleum Power

 

60

 

 

 

60

 

Mining

 

30

 

 

 

30

 

All Other 2

 

1,065

 

30

 

(3)

 

1,092

 

Consolidated Total

 

$2,269

 

$38

 

$(15)

 

$2,292

 

 

1      Other adjustments are comprised primarily of foreign currency translation.

2      Includes all other operating segments (See Note 14).

 

 

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8.                                      Available-For-Sale Securities

 

We have investments in certain debt and equity securities, primarily at Cat Insurance, that have been classified as available-for-sale and recorded at fair value based upon quoted market prices. These fair values are primarily included in Other assets in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position. Unrealized gains and losses arising from the revaluation of available-for-sale securities are included, net of applicable deferred income taxes, in equity (Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position).  Realized gains and losses on sales of investments are generally determined using the FIFO (first-in, first-out) method for debt instruments and the specific identification method for equity securities.  Realized gains and losses are included in Other income (expense) in the Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations.

 

Effective April 1, 2009, we adopted the accounting and disclosure requirements regarding recognition and presentation of other-than-temporary impairments.  See Note 2 for additional information.

 

 

 

June 30, 2010

 

December 31, 2009

 

(Millions of dollars)

 

Cost
Basis

 

Unrealized
Pretax Net
Gains

(Losses)

 

Fair
Value

 

Cost
Basis

 

Unrealized
Pretax Net
Gains

(Losses)

 

Fair
Value

 

Government debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. treasury bonds

 

$14

 

$—

 

$14

 

$14

 

$—

 

$14

 

Other U.S. and non-U.S. government bonds

 

68

 

1

 

69

 

65

 

 

65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate bonds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate bonds

 

463

 

29

 

492

 

455

 

20

 

475

 

Asset-backed securities

 

150

 

(3)

 

147

 

141

 

(7)

 

134

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage-backed debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. governmental agency mortgage-backed securities

 

262

 

18

 

280

 

295

 

13

 

308

 

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 

53

 

(6)

 

47

 

61

 

(10)

 

51

 

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 

168

 

(2)

 

166

 

175

 

(13)

 

162

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Large capitalization value

 

86

 

6

 

92

 

76

 

13

 

89

 

Smaller company growth

 

21

 

4

 

25

 

19

 

5

 

24

 

Total

 

$1,285

 

$47

 

$1,332

 

$1,301